Violence against African American and within their communities was never more prevalent than the years after Reconstruction. This is the atmosphere in which the AFRO American Newspaper developed under the tutelage of John H. Murphy, Sr.

Murphy and his reporters would travel far and wide to report on violence committed either through vigilante justice such as lynchings; torturous acts of murder against Black men, women and children. The AFRO would also provide extensive coverage of the racial disputes that would eventually turn into the riots that physically, socially and economically altered or completely devastated African American communities around the country.


230 people are lynched in the United States this year, 161 are Black and 69 White.


White terrorists attack Black workers in New Orleans on March 11-12. Six Blacks are killed.


On November 10, in Wilmington, N.C., eight Black Americans are killed as White conservative Democrats forcibly remove from power Black and White Republican officeholders in the city. The episode will become known as the Wilmington Riot.


The New Orleans Race Riot (also known as the Robert Charles Riot) erupts on July 23 and lasts four days. Twelve African Americans and seven Whites are killed.


The Atlanta Race Riot on September 22-24 produces twelve deaths; ten Blacks and two Whites.


On August 14, the Springfield Race Riot breaks out in Springfield, Ill., the home town of Abraham Lincoln. Two Blacks and four Whites are killed. This is the first major riot in a Northern city in nearly half a century.


The East St. Louis Race Riot begins on July 1 and continues to July 3. Forty people are killed, hundreds more injured, and 6,000 driven from their homes.